The Hebrew Scriptures: Books of the Old Testament

It will serve now to list in comparable columns the canons of the Old Testament as accepted by both Roman Catholics and Protestant Evangelicals. Jews have the same canon as Protestants.

The lists are divided into the groups as taught by the respective faith groups. The books with asterisks are those of the Roman Catholic canon which are considered canonical, but are labeled apocryphal by Protestants and Evangelicals.
Hebrew Scriptures Roman Catholic Old Testament Protestant Old Testament
Palestinian Canon Alexandrian Canon or Palestinian Canon
Septuagint (LXX)
The Law Pentateuch Pentateuch
Genesis Genesis Genesis
Exodus Exodus Exodus
Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus
Numbers Numbers Numbers
Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy
Prophets Historical Books Historical Books
Earlier Prophets
Joshua Joshua Joshua
Judges Judges Judges
Ruth Ruth
1 Samuel 1 Samuel 1 Samuel
2 Samuel 2 Samuel 2 Samuel
1 Kings 1 Kings 1 Kings
2 Kings 2 Kings 2 Kings
Later Prophets 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles
Isaiah 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles
Jeremiah Ezra Ezra
Ezekiel Nehemiah Nehemiah
Hosea *Tobit
Joel *Judith
Amos Esther Esther
Obadiah *1 Maccabees
Jonah *2 Maccabees
Nahum Wisdom Books Poetical Books
Habakkuk Job Job
Zephaniah Psalms Psalms
Haggai Proverbs Proverbs
Zechariah Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes
Malachi Song of Songs Song of Songs
Writings Prophetical Books Prophetical Books
Psalms Isaiah Isaiah
Proverbs Jeremiah Jeremiah
Job Lamentations Lamentations
Song of Songs *Baruch Ezekiel
Ruth Ezekiel Daniel
Lamentations Daniel Hosea
Ecclesiastes Hosea Joel
Esther Joel Amos
Daniel Amos Obadiah
Ezra Obadiah Jonah
Nehemiah Jonah Micah
1 Chronicles Micah Nahum
2 Chronicles Nahum Habakkuk
Habakkuk Zephaniah
Zephaniah Haggai
Haggai Zechariah
Zechariah Malachi

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By Paul Flanagan and Robert Schihl.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics, © Copyright 1985-1997, Paul Flanagan and Robert Schihl

Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture texts are taken from the New American Bible with Revised New Testament and Revised Psalms © 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Washington, D.C. and are used by permission of the copyright owner. All Rights Reserved. No part of the New American Bible may be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

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Last Updated: January 3, 1997